Infertility 101


  • Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after one year of unprotected intercourse (six months if the woman is over age 35) or the inability to carry a pregnancy to live birth.
  • It is a disease that results in the abnormal functioning of the male or female reproductive system.  The American Society for Reproductive Medicine (ASRM), World Health Organization (WHO) and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) recognize infertility as a disease
  • According to the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth, 7.3 million people in the U.S are affected by infertility. This figure represents 12% of women of childbearing age, or 1 in 8 couples.
  • Approximately 38,000 couples in Nebraska alone are dealing with Infertility
  • According to ARSM, approximately one-third of infertility is attributed to the female partner, one-third attributed to the male partner and one-third is caused by a combination of problems in both partners or, is unexplained
  • Infertility doesn’t always doesn’t mean a person is sterile — unable ever to have a child. Up to 15% of all couples are infertile, but only 1% to 2% are sterile. Half of couples who seek help can eventually have a child, either on their own or with medical help.

Risk Factors

Infertility in Women

Infertility in Men 

Diagnosis and Treatment