Infertility in Women
1/3rd of infertility is attributed to the female partner.
- The main reason for infertility in women is not ovulating, which means not releasing eggs from the ovary. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the main cause of not ovulating.
- Problems with the fallopian tubes is another common cause. Sometimes the tubes are blocked by scar tissue from an infection or from a condition called endometriosis.
- In women, age can be a problem, too. Fertility drops with age, and even more so after the age of 35. Getting pregnant after age 45 is rare. Aging not only decreases a woman’s chances of conceiving but also increases her chances of miscarriage.
- Being overweight or underweight can also play a role. Problems are traced to ovulatory dysfunction, often caused by PCOS. That said, a recent Dutch study of some 3,000 women found excess weight could also interfere with fertility even if a woman is ovulating normally. Reporting in the journal Human Reproduction, researchers documented a 4% decrease in conception odds for every point in BMI above 30. For women whose BMI was higher than 35, there was up to a 43% overall decrease in the ability to conceive. In fact, the British Fertility Society in 2007 issued new guidelines urging members to defer fertility treatments in very obese women (BMI over 35) until they gave weight loss a try. At the same time, being too thin can also keep you from conceiving. “Women who are extremely lean often have a problem getting pregnant because they are not able to sustain a regular menstrual cycle — for these women, it is more beneficial to gain weight,”
- Smoking, Alcohol Use, Stress, Poor Diet, STIs can also all attribute to infertility
Infertility in Men
Diagnosis and Treatment